Shalmaneser I

Shalmaneser I
(reigned ca. 1274-1245)
   An Assyrian king credited with a number of successful military campaigns and victories that set the empire on the road to its first great period of expansion. Shalmaneser (or Shulmani-ashared) defeated Mitanni and appointed an Assyrian governor to administer the region. He also invaded Armenia (Urartu), where he beat a coalition of enemy forces that included large contingents of Hittite mercenaries. One of Shalmaneser's inscriptions brags:
   Shattuara, king of Hani, [and] the army of Hittites and Ahlamu with him, I surrounded. He cut off the passes and my water supply. Because of thirst and fatigue my army bravely advanced into the masses of their troops, and I fought a battle and accomplished their defeat. I killed countless number.... I cut down their hordes, [and] 14,400 of them I overthrew and took as living captives. Nine of his strongholds [and] his capital city I captured. . . . The army of Hit-tites and Ahlami, his allies, I slaughtered like sheep.
   Shalmaneser was also noted for building the city of Nimrud and making it his capital. He was succeeded by his son, Tikulti-Ninurta I.
   See also: Assyrian Empire; Mitanni; Tikulti-Ninurta I

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

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